Why Colombia Is Unique As An Origin For Coffee Importers And Roasters To Find Specialty Beans

Quality and diversity are two closely linked elements of Colombian coffee. 

Grown across the country in over 20 departments, coffee is planted and cultivated in the mountainous regions at an altitude ranging between 400 and 2500 meters above sea level and within 86 distinct microclimates. 

Artisanal Processed And Rich Cultural Value 

Colombian coffee is usually a high altitude crop, frequently grown on very steep slopes, making mechanization difficult. This seeming limitation has actually become an advantage. With farming plots barely averaging 1.6 hectares, growing coffee in Colombia is usually a family business that, over the decades, has grown into a coffee culture strongly linked to traditional, manual processes.  100% hand picking guarantees the selection of ripe beans and the participation of over 500,000 grower families creates cultural value for this industry.

Climatic Diversity  + Different regions = Different Cup Profiles

Colombia's microclimates are influenced by the Andes and Sierra Nevada mountains, the Amazon Forest,  Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean, and proximity of the Ecuator. As a result of the different flowering and ripening cycles in these regions, Colombia has the unique ability to supply fresh coffee year-round, and the variety of growing conditions result in a wide diversity of cup profiles.

The Latitude Issue, 2500 Km Between Coffee Growing Regions

The latitudes where coffee is grown vary from 1° North to 11° North. This range of 10 degrees represent the same distance from San Jose in Costa Rica to the coffee growing areas of southern Mexico. Therefore Colombian diversity in coffees is comparable to the range of diversity in all Central American countries put together.

If you have any questions or comments please share them in the comments below, I will be personally reading them. 

Vicente Mejia